How to Change RYOBI Hand Planer Blades

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How to Change RYOBI Hand Planer Blades
 
 
Image Credit: YouTube, JMMJ Productions – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gnvtw5V0w_A

Checking and replacing blades is a critical
maintenance procedure that should be carried out periodically. Most hand
planers use blades that can be sharpened to restore their luster.
However, for some planers, once the blades grow dull, they can only be
replaced.

Ryobi
hand planers use such blades. They are reversible blades and can’t be
sharpened once they lose their sharpness. You can switch them over to
use the sharp side, but once they become chipped or damaged, you can
only replace them. Sharpening such blades causes them to lose precision
and reduce in length.

​The short blade may not grip the wood as well when smoothing surfaces or leveling joists.

Given that the blade plays a critical role in all planing jobs, working with a short blade can be strenuous and tedious. Note that the blades come in pairs hence the need to switch them out in pairs too. The procedure for replacing the Ryobi hand planer blades is somewhat different from regular hand planers. Here’s how:

Tools Required

  • Ryobi hand planer
  • New blades
  • Vise
  • Screwdriver or wrench

Buy the Right Blade

Be
sure to buy the right blade for the Ryobi hand planer. Ensure it is the
recommended size and is the exact type as that of the manufacturer.
This way, you are sure to retain the efficiency of the equipment and
maintain sharpness for an extended period. Blades made from substandard
materials tend to get blunt fast and have a short life span. You can use
the codes engraved on the blade to identify the right blade from the
local home depot.

Changing The Blades

Turn off the Planer

It
is a pretty basic rule for hand tools, especially one that uses blades.
You need to turn off the device and unplug it from the power source.

Turn the Planer Upside Down

Secure
it in an upside-down position and be careful not to damage the housing.
If you are using a wooden vise, secure it in the device and tighten the
clamp just enough to hold it securely. Avoid placing the tool in a
metal vise as it may crack the housing.

Loosen the Screws

You
need to loosen the three screws securing the blade. Be sure to inspect
the direction of the cut and the orientation of the tapered edges, so
you don’t injure your hands.

The
tapered edge of the new blades should follow the same direction as the
dull blades, i.e., with the flat edge facing the cutting block and the
tapered edge on the same side as the screw heads.

Remove the Old Blade from the Blade Holder

Then
remove the blades from the blade holder using the tip of the
screwdriver. If it is not easy to push the blade out of the holder even
after loosening the screws, you can use a block of wood to break it
loose. Make a short, sharp blow and pull it out using the screwdriver.
You can also make a sharp blow using a small hammer to break it loose.

Insert the New Blade

Clean
any wood chips or sawdust that may have collected around the blade area
and install the new blade. Push it into position using a screwdriver
until it is secure and retighten the three screws using the wrench. The
same procedure applies when replacing the other blade.

Test the New Blade

Check
if the blades are fixed correctly and if they are tight enough. Then,
reposition it and plug it to the power source. Use test planks to
determine if the planer works as required until you no longer observe
snipe. If not, adjust the blade to achieve the desired length.

Maintenance Tips

  • Store the hand planer at the right place. Inappropriate storage exposes the device to unnecessary damage
  • Scrap off the rust before it builds up. You can use a unique abrasive material or penetrating oil
  • Lubricate
    moving parts: Ryobi hand planers have moving parts whose motion is a
    result of the rotation of motors. Lubricating the moving parts reduces
    friction which can cause the shaft to break or overconsumption of energy
    to overcome the frictional force
  • Tighten the screws. Screws holding moving parts should be tightened regularly to avoid wreaking havoc

About the Author Dan

Just a random guy who likes to build things. Providing tool knowledge, appliance/device testing tips, and DIY project info in an easy-to read & non-intimidating style.