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The 3D printer uses different materials in the manufacturing of different items, from jewelry to toys and aerospace components. There are dozens of popular 3D printer filament spools available in the market. However, plastic still reigns supreme among 3D printer materials.
3D printers are flexible enough such that it allows an individual to determine the texture, shape, and strength of a product. Furthermore, these qualities are often attained with few steps, unlike the traditional means of production.
The market of 3D printing will exceed $1.4 billion before the year 2020; this is according to the SmartTech Markets Publishing study. As the 3D market expands, several industries have come up with new ways of yielding plastic, including using organic ingredients such as corn and soybean oil. In accordance to that, in this article, we shall discuss what material a 3D printer prints with.
As previously stated, plastic is the commonly used 3D printing material. In 3D printing, plastic is expected to be the most environmentally friendly material since it is yield from organic ingredients.
Plastic is the most diverse material for 3D printing household fixtures and toys. Some of the products designed from this technique include vases, desk utensils, and action figures. The products are available in transparent and brightly colored forms, with lime green and red being the most popular colors.
Plastic filaments are available on spools, and they are often in shiny or matte texture. Understanding plastic is relatively easy due to its smoothness, firmness, brightness, and flexibility. Additionally, plastic is affordable and light in weight, making it a perfect 3D printing material.
FDM printers are perfect for making plastic products, whereby thermoplastic filament is melted and molded to shape. The following are the standard plastic material in 3D printing:
You should note that 3D plastic products come in various consistencies and shape.
Powdered 3D material has become famous in constructing different products in the market. The powder material is melted and molded into layers until it attains the desired texture, thickness, and pattern. These 3D powder materials are sourced from different materials such as:
Material such as copper, steel, and other metals are easily transported when in powder form. Furthermore, when still in this state, you can easily mold them into your most preferred shapes.
This is one of the most limiting and less used 3D printing materials. Resin flexibility and strength is limited when compared to other 3D printing materials. When exposed to ultraviolet rays, the resin will reach its end state since it consists of a liquid polymer. This 3D material comes in various colors, including black, blue, red, green, white as well as transparent. Resin 3D printing material comes in three different categories:
After plastic, metal is the second most popular 3D printing material. The process of using metal in 3D printing is referred to as direct metal laser sintering or DMLS. This technique is perfect for creating air-travel equipment. DMLS has not only speeded up the production air-travel equipment but also simply the entire production process.
Numerous types of metal are applicable in the DMLS process. Some of the commonly used metals include:
When creating any 3D printed model, texture, flexibility, and strength will highly depend on the type of material you are using. You should always consider using 3D materials that best suit your needs.
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